About Susan

Dr. Susan Lund is a partner of McKinsey & Company and a leader of the McKinsey Global Institute. As a Ph.D. economist, her research focuses on technology, labor markets, and globalization. Her current research is assessing how automation and artificial intelligence will change the skills that employers require and how education and training models must change. Recent research analyzed the impact of robots and automation on the future of work and the workforce; measured the size of the independent workforce (or “gig economy”) in the United States and Europe; examined how digital flows are transforming globalization and the winners and losers; assessed the potential for digital finance to boost growth and financial inclusion in developing countries; and documented the continuing accumulation of debt in countries around the world, with a focus on China. Susan has an active travel schedule, discussing research findings with CEOs and other executives at global Fortune 500 companies and is a frequent speaker at global conferences. She has authored numerous articles in leading business publications that include Harvard Business Review, The Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and Foreign Affairs.

Susan is a board director of the National Association of Business Economists and serves on the Economic Advisory Council of the International Financial Corporation. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Bretton Woods Committee, and the Conference of Business Economists. She holds a Ph.D. from Stanford University and a B.A. from Northwestern University. She has lived and worked in Africa and Asia, and currently resides in Washington, DC.

Video and Broadcast

"The rapid growth of global corporate debt," Bloomberg TV, June 2018

"Skills for the future," BBC World Service, February 2018

"The new dynamics of financial globalization," Bloomberg Markets, August 2017

"The digital future of work: What skills will be needed?," McKinsey Global Institute, July 2017

"The digital future of work: What will automation change?," McKinsey Global Institute, July 2017

"America's aging population and slowing economic growth," The Diane Rehm Show, August 2016

Selected published work

A decade after the crisis, it’s a different world,” McKinsey Quarterly, October 2018

A decade after the global financial crisis: What has (and hasn’t) changed?,” McKinsey Global Institute, August 2018

"Are corporate bonds a bubble ready to burst?," Financial Times, July 2018

Are we in a corporate debt bubble?,” Project Syndicate, June 2018

Rising corporate debt: Peril or promise?,” McKinsey Global Institute, June 2018

Automation will make lifelong learning a necessary part of work,” Harvard Business Review, May 2018

"Skill shift: Automation and the future of the workforce," McKinsey Global Institute, May 2018

"Global finance resets," International Monetary Fund, December 2017

"Jobs lost, jobs gained: Workforce transitions in a time of automation," McKinsey Global Institute, November 2017

"As European banks retreat from the world stage China is stepping up," Harvard Business Review, September 2017

"Financial globalization 2.0," Project Syndicate, September 2017

"The new dynamics of financial globalization," McKinsey Global Institute, August 2017

"Here's what central bankers should really be focusing on at Jackson Hole," Fortune, August 2017

"Banking landscape shifts as Chinese groups globalise,"Financial Times, August 2017

"What's now and next in analytics, AI, and automation," McKinsey Global Institute, May 2017

"China’s role in the next phase of globalization," McKinsey Global Institute, April 2017

"Adapting to the new globalization," Project Syndicate, February 2017

"What the rise of Uber says about the gig economy today," Fortune, February 2017

"The promise of digital finance," Project Syndicate, December 2016

"Technology, jobs, and the future of work," McKinsey Global Institute, December 2016

"How digital finance could boost growth in emerging economies," McKinsey Global Institute, September 2016

"Five priorities for competing in an era of digital globalization," McKinsey Quarterly, May 2016

"Why investors may need to lower their sights," McKinsey Global Institute, April 2016

"Digital globalization: The new era of global flows," McKinsey Global Institute, February 2016

"Organizing for the future," McKinsey Global Institute, January 2016

"South Africa's bold priorities for inclusive growth," McKinsey Global Institute, August 2015

"Connecting talent with opportunity in the digital age," McKinsey Global Institute, June 2015

"Harnessing the power of shifting global flows," McKinsey Quarterly, February 2015

"Debt and (not much) deleveraging," McKinsey Global Institute, February 2015

"Lions go global: Deepening Africa's ties to the United States," McKinsey Global Institute, August 2014

"Global flows in a digital age," McKinsey Global Institute, April 2014

"QE and ultra-low interest rates: Distributional effects and risks," McKinsey Global Institute, November 2013

"Breaking the US growth impasse," McKinsey Quarterly, August 2013

"Game changers: Five opportunities for US growth and renewal," McKinsey Global Institute, July 2013

"Financial globalization: Retreat or reset," McKinsey Global Institute, March 2013

"Debt and deleveraging: Uneven progress on the path to growth," McKinsey Global Institute, January 2012

"An economy that works: Job creation and America's future," McKinsey Global Institute, June 2011

"Africa: The next growth market," Harvard Business Review, May 2011

"Five myths about interest rates," Washington Post, January 21, 2011

"Farewell to cheap capital: The implications of long-term shifts in global investment and saving," McKinsey Global Institute, December 2010

Radio interviews

"The new dynamics of financial globalization," Bloomberg Markets: The New Dynamics of Financial Globalization, Bloomberg Radio, August 2017

"Economic Tectonics," BBC World Service, The Compass, March 2017

"The gig economy," KGO810 Jason Middleton, October 2016

"America's aging population and slowing economic growth," Diane Rehm Show, August 2016


Stanford University
PhD in applied economics

Northwestern University
BA in economics