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Per-Anders Enkvist


Advises companies on circular and low-carbon transformations and strategies

Per-Anders is a partner in our Stockholm office as well as the founder and leader of Material Economics, a sustainability consultancy focused on applying the principles of the circular economy to resource use in production, supply chains, and business models, which is now part of McKinsey.

Per-Anders works with senior leaders from governments, advanced industries, basic-materials companies, consumer-product businesses, and other institutions on a range of sustainability and circularity topics. This includes designing sustainable operational processes, developing sourcing strategies for recycled materials, rethinking product portfolios, and implementing sustainability transformations.

Earlier in his career, Per-Anders led McKinsey’s work on climate change as one of the founders of our Sustainability Practice, where he served as a global leader on carbon economics and the circular economy. He also codeveloped McKinsey’s greenhouse gas-abatement cost curve, a widely adopted tool for analyzing the economic, business, and social implications of mitigating climate change.

Outside his client work, Per-Anders is a regular speaker at sustainability conferences and events as well as a prolific writer, having published numerous articles and reports on climate change and sustainability topics, as well as the book, A Good Disruption: Redefining Growth in the Twenty-First Century.

Per-Anders holds a master’s in engineering physics from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, and a bachelor’s in international business from Gothenburg University.

Published work

How a ‘materials transition’ can support the net-zero agenda,” McKinsey & Company, July 2022

Preserving value in EU industrial Materials,” Material Economics, November 2021

Industrial Transformation 2050,” Material Economics, 2019

A Good Disruption: Redefining Growth in the Twenty-First Century,” Bloomsbury Business, November 2016

How companies can adapt to climate change,” McKinsey & Company, July 2015

“Pathways to a low-carbon society,” report, McKinsey & Company, 2009

The carbon productivity challenge: Curbing climate change and sustaining economic growth,” McKinsey Global Institute, June 2008

A cost curve for greenhouse gas reduction,” McKinsey Quarterly, February 2007


Material Economics
Founder and CEO


Chalmers University of Technology
MSc, engineering physics

University of Gothenburg
BBA, international business