The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (IRA), signed into law on August 16, 2022, directs new federal spending toward reducing carbon emissions, lowering healthcare costs, funding the Internal Revenue Service, and improving taxpayer compliance.1
The act aims to catalyze investments in domestic manufacturing capacity, encourage procurement of critical supplies domestically or from free-trade partners, and jump-start R&D and commercialization of leading-edge technologies such as carbon capture and storage and clean hydrogen. It also allocates money directly to environmental justice priorities and requires recipients of many funding streams to demonstrate equity impacts. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that the law will reduce budget deficits by $237 billion over the next decade.2
This is the third piece of legislation passed since late 2021 that seeks to improve US economic competitiveness, innovation, and industrial productivity. The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), the CHIPS & Science Act, and IRA have partially overlapping priorities and together introduce $2 trillion in new federal spending over the next ten years.
Here’s a breakdown of the IRA’s major provisions—by the numbers.
The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 is the third piece of legislation passed since late 2021 that seeks to improve US economic competitiveness, innovation, and industrial productivity.