The highest form of battery

The push for electric mobility options comes with greater demand globally for the batteries that power them. By 2030, the GWh required for lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries will jump to about 4.7 TWh, compared with about 700 GWh now, say senior partners Mikael Hanicke and Martin Linder and coauthors. The overall Li-ion battery chain, from mining to recycling, may grow by about 30 percent annually by the end of this decade. Click through the interactive to see more details.

To read the article, see “Battery 2030: Resilient, sustainable, and circular,” January 16, 2023.