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The highest form of battery

The push for electric mobility options comes with greater demand globally for the batteries that power them. By 2030, the GWh required for lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries will jump to about 4.7 TWh, compared with about 700 GWh now, say senior partners Mikael Hanicke and Martin Linder and coauthors. The overall Li-ion battery chain, from mining to recycling, may grow by about 30 percent annually by the end of this decade. Click through the interactive to see more details.

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To read the article, see “Battery 2030: Resilient, sustainable, and circular,” January 16, 2023.