Sourcing for the global apparel and footwear market has become ever more challenging over the past several years. Now, brands are navigating two additional complicating factors. First, the value chain faces increased pressure from demand fluctuations that have pushed brands to reduce or cancel orders as well as from logistics disruptions. Second, external forces such as regulation and new market entrants are resetting industry standards for speed, sustainability, and digitalization.
Apparel has traditionally been characterized by limited supplier collaboration and few long-term strategic relationships compared with other industries. This dynamic is because apparel has a fragmented supplier base, and brands pursue low production costs across different regions.
For several years, the industry has recognized that market dynamics call for a more strategic approach to their supplier relationships. This year’s McKinsey survey of apparel chief purchasing officers (CPOs) reveals that for the first time, they are truly taking action.1
Prioritizing supplier relationships to meet future business goals
Over the next five years, apparel companies expect to continue to increase their share of deeper relationships to 51 percent. This continued shift is recognized as a must-do strategy to keep pace with increased sustainability regulations and speed requirements as well as to achieve the expected level of digitalization.
Striking the right balance on supplier relationships will be crucial: both brands and suppliers still value the flexibility to handle shifts in demand and use their bargaining power to secure higher margins.
This is just a few of the insights from the 2023 McKinsey CPO Survey (surveyed companies have approximately $110 billion in total sourcing value). We also found that although nearshoring has been a priority for a while, actual relocation is happening slowly. Further, despite inflation, most respondents expect a slight reduction in sourcing costs. In addition, brands are accelerating their adoption of digital innovation to enhance transparency across their value chains.