Artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly being adopted across the healthcare industry, and some of the most exciting AI applications leverage natural language processing (NLP). Simply put, NLP is a specialized branch of AI focused on the interpretation and manipulation of human-generated spoken or written data. In this infographic, we describe a few promising NLP use cases for healthcare payers and providers. We elaborate several specific approaches and their associated applications. Finally, we lay out a case study describing how we have used NLP to accelerate benchmarking clinical guidelines.