We studied the top 1,000 European tech start-ups founded after 2000 in 33 countries. The United Kingdom, Germany, and France were the most hospitable locales. But other factors played a role, including network effects, scale, product design, and technology. See our article for more on what’s been working, and what’s to come.

Almost two-thirds of the top 1,000 start-ups and scale-ups in Europe were founded in the United Kingdom, Germany, and France.
We strive to provide individuals with disabilities equal access to our website. If you would like information about this content we will be happy to work with you. Please email us at: McKinsey_Website_Accessibility@mckinsey.com

To read the article, see “Winning formula: How Europe’s top tech start-ups get it right,” August 18, 2021.