Back to McKinsey Chart of the Day

Preparing for future pandemics now can help minimize the economic damage

The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to inflict $9 trillion to $33 trillion in economic damage. Relatively smaller investments in preventive measures could substantially reduce the economic damage caused by future pandemics.

Assuming a COVID-19-scale epidemic is a 50-year event, the return on preparedness investment is clear, even if it only partly mitigates the damage.
We strive to provide individuals with disabilities equal access to our website. If you would like information about this content we will be happy to work with you. Please email us at:

To read the article, see “Not the last pandemic: Investing now to reimagine public-health systems,” July 13, 2020.