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Almost half of the Black US workforce is in lower-paying, frontline-service industries

In the United States, 45 percent of Black private-sector employees work in industries—healthcare, retail, and accommodation and food service—that have both large frontline-service presence and high shares of workers earning less than $30,000 annually.

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To read the report, see Race in the workplace: The Black experience in the US private sector, February 21, 2021.