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Basel III and European banking: Its impact, how banks might respond, and the challenges of implementation

Basel III will have significant impact on the European banking sector. We estimate that by 2019 the industry will need about €1.1 trillion of additional Tier 1 capital, €1.3 trillion of short-term liquidity, and about €2.3 trillion of long-term funding, absent any mitigating actions. The impact on the smaller US banking sector will be similar, though the drivers of impact vary.